Institute of Chemistry

 


Chemists

 

This site contains a list of the most important people who have contributed to the development of chemistry. It is planned to include a biography with the most important details of their life and their scientific contribution. The list is chronological by the date of birth. To locate someone on the list, the browser's 'find' function can be used.

If you want to submit a biography or have any comments on any of the already published materaial, please contact one of the authors of the list. It would be preferable that the subimissions be in Engish but other languages are also acceptable. If you are aware of any other sites that contain a bioghrphy please supply the link so the material can be used.

 


 

  1. Zosimus, (~250-?)
  2. Geber, Abu Musa Jabir Ibn Hayyan, (~721-~815)
  3. Rhazes, Abu Bakr Muhamed Ibn Zakariyya Ar-Razi, (~845-~930)
  4. Arnold de Villanova, (~1235-1311)
  5. Geber, (~1270)
  6. Vannoccio Biringuccio, (1480-1539)
  7. Philipus Aureolus Paracelsus, (1493-1541)
  8. Georgius Agricola, (1494-1555)
  9. Lazarus Ercker, (1530-1594)
  10. Andreas Libau, Libavus, (1560-1616)
  11. Jan Baptista van Helmont, (1580-16440
  12. Johann Rudolf Glauber, (1604-1670)
  13. Robert Boyle, (1627-1691)
  14. Hennig Brand, (1630-?)
  15. Johann Joachim Becher, (1635-1682)
  16. Georg Ernst Stahl, (1660-1734)
  17. Stephen Hales, (1677-1761)
  18. Georg Brandt, (1694-1768)
  19. Andreas Sigsmund Marggraf, (1709-1782)
  20. Joseph Black, (1728-1799)
  21. Henry Cavendish, (1731-1810)
  22. Joseph Priestley, (1733-1804)
  23. Baron Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau, (1737-1816)
  24. Nicolas Leblanc, (1742-1806)
  25. Karl Wilhelm Scheele, (1742-1786)
  26. Antoine Laurent Lavoasier, (1743-1794)
  27. Martin Heinrich Klaproth, (1743-1817)
  28. Claude Louis Berthollet, (1748-1822)
  29. Daniel Rutherford, (1749-1819)
  30. William Nicholson, (1753-1815)
  31. Joseph Louis Proust, (1754-1826)
  32. Antoine Francois Fourcroy, (1755-1809)
  33. Jean Antoine Claude Chaptal, (1756-1832)
  34. Johan Gadolin, (1760-1852)
  35. Sir James Hall, (1761-1832)
  36. Smithson Tennant, (1761-1815)
  37. Jeremias Benjamin Richter, (1762-1807)
  38. Louis Nicolas Vauquelin, (1763-1829)
  39. Gottlieb Sigismund Kirchhof, (1764-1833)
  40. Andres Manuel del Rio, (1764-1849)
  41. William Hyde Wollaston, (1766-1828)
  42. John Dalton, (1766-1844)
  43. Anders Gustaf Ekeberg, (1867-1813)
  44. William Henry, (1774-1836)
  45. John Kidd, (1775-1851)
  46. Friedrich Strohmeyer, (1776-1835)
  47. Amadeo Avogadro, Conte de Quaregna, (1776-1856)
  48. Bernard Courtois, (1777-1838)
  49. Hans Christian Oersted, (1777-1851)
  50. Louis Jaques Thenard, (1777-1857)
  51. Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, (1778-1850)
  52. Humphry Davy, (1778-1829)
  53. Benjamin Silliman, (1779-1864)
  54. Jöns Jakob Berzelius, (1779-1848)
  55. Johann Wolfgang Dobereiner, (1780-1849)
  56. Robert Hare, (1781-1858)
  57. Samuel Guthrie, (1782-1848)
  58. Friedrich Wilhelm Serturner, (1783-1841)
  59. William Prout, (1785-1850)
  60. Pierre Louis Dulong, (1785-1838)
  61. Michel Eugène Chevreul, (1786-1889)
  62. Nils Gabriel Sefstrom, (1787-1845)
  63. Pierre Joseph Pelletier, (1788-1842)
  64. Leopold Gmelin, (1788-1853)
  65. John Frederic Daniell, (1790-1845)
  66. Michael Faraday, (1791-1867)
  67. Alexis-Thérèse Petit, (1791-1820)
  68. Eihardt Mitscherlich, (1794-1863)
  69. Anselme Payen, (1795-1871)
  70. Joseph Bienaime Caventou, (1795-1877)
  71. Carl Ernst Claus, (1796-1864)
  72. Carl Gustav Mosander, (1797-1858)
  73. Christian Friedrich Schonbein, (1799-1868)
  74. Friedrich Wohler, (1800-1882)
  75. Jean Baptiste André Dumas, (1800-1884)
  76. Jean Baptiste Boussingault, (1802-1887)
  77. Germain Henri Hess, (1802-1850)
  78. Antoine Jerome Balard, (1802-1876)
  79. Garardus Johannes Mulder, (1802-1880)
  80. Justus von Liebig, (1803-1873)
  81. Charles Thomas Jackson, (1805-1880)
  82. Thomas Graham, (1805-1869)
  83. Auguste Laurent, (1807-1853)
  84. Henri Victor Regnault, (1810-1878)
  85. Robert Wilhelm Bunsen (1811-1899)
  86. John William Draper, (1811-1882)
  87. Ascanio Sobrero, (1812-1888)
  88. Jean Servais Stas, (1813-1891)
  89. Thomas Andrews, (1813-1885)
  90. Alexander Parkes, (1813-1890)
  91. Edmond Fremy, (1814-1894)
  92. Jean Charles Marignac, (1817-1894)
  93. Hermann Franz Moritz Kopp, (1817-1892)
  94. Charles Adolphe Wurtz, (1817-1884)
  95. August Wilhelm von Hofmann, (1818-1892)
  96. Henri Etienne Saint-Claire Deville, (1818-1881)
  97. Adolf Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe, (1818-1884)
  98. Max Joseph von Pettenkofer, (1818-1901)
  99. Henry Edward Schunck (1820-1903)
  100. Johann Joseph Loschmidt, (1821-1895)
  101. Louis Pasteur, (1822-1895)
  102. Johann Wilhelm Hittorf, (1824-1914)
  103. Alexander William Williamson, (1824-1904)
  104. Sir Edward Frankland, (1825-1899)
  105. Richard August Erlenmeyer, (1825-1909)
  106. Hans Peter Jorgen Thomsen, (1826-1909)
  107. Stanislao Cannizzaro, (1826-1910)
  108. Sir Frederick Augustus Abel, (1827-1902)
  109. Pierre Eugene Marcelin Berthelot, (1827-1907)
  110. Alexander Mikhailovich Butlerov, (1828-1886)
  111. Sir Joseph Wilson Swan, (1828-1914)
  112. Friedrich August von Stradonitz Kekulé, (1829-1896)
  113. Francois Marie Raoult, (1830-1901)
  114. Julius Lothar Meyer, (1830-1895)
  115. Archibald Scott Couper, (1831-1892)
  116. Hermann Hellriegel, (1831-1895)
  117. Charles Friedel, (1832-1899)
  118. William Crookes, (1832-1919)
  119. Peter Waage, (1833-1900)
  120. Alfred Bernhard Nobel, (1833-1896)
  121. Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleyev, (1934-1907)
  122. Heinrich Caro, (1834-1910)
  123. Jacob Volhard, (1834-1910)
  124. Johannes Wislicenus, (1835-1902)
  125. Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer, (1835-1917)
  126. Cato Maximilian Guldberg, (1836-1902)
  127. Johannes Diderick Van der Waals, (1837-1923)
  128. John Alexander Reina Newlands, (1837-1898)
  129. John Wesley Hyatt, (1937-1920)
  130. Vladimir Markovnikov, (1838-1904)
  131. Edward Williams Morley, (1837-1923)
  132. Friedrich Konrad Beilstein, (1838-1906)
  133. Sir William Henry Perkin, (1838-1907)
  134. Ernest Solvay, (1838-1922)
  135. Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran, (1838-1912)
  136. Clemens Alexander Winkler, (1838-1904)
  137. Joseph Willard Gibbs, (1839-1903)
  138. James Mason Crafts, (1839-1917)
  139. Louis-Marie-Hilaire Bernigaud, Compte de Chardonnet, (1839-1924)
  140. Ludwig Mond, (1839-1909)
  141. Lars Fredrik Nilson, (1840-1899)
  142. Karl James Peter Graebe, (1841-1927)
  143. Karl Paul Gottfried von Liinde, (1842-1934)
  144. Sir James Dewar, (1842-1923)
  145. Ira Remsen, (1846-1927)
  146. Raoul Pierre Pictet, (1846-1929)
  147. Eugen Baumann, (1846-1896)
  148. Joseph Achille Le Bel, (1847-1930)
  149. Otto Wallach, (1847-1931)
  150. Viktor Meyer, (1848-1897)
  151. Johann Gustav Kjeldahl, (1849-1900)
  152. Henri Louis Le Châtelier, (1850-1936)
  153. Herman Frasch, (1851-1914)
  154. Eugene Anatole Demarcay, (1852-1904)
  155. Jacobus Henricus Van't Hoff, (1852-1911)
  156. Ferdinand Frederic Moissan, (1852-1907)
  157. William Ramsay, (1852-1919)
  158. Emil Fisher, (1852-1919)
  159. Friedrich Wilhelm Ostwald, (1853-1932)
  160. Jokichi Takamine, (1854-1922)
  161. Paul Sabatier, (1854-1941)
  162. Charles Frederick Cross, (1855-1935)
  163. Theodor Curtius, (1857-1928)
  164. Karl Auer, Baron von Welsbach, (1958-1929)
  165. Svante August Arrhenius, (1859-1927)
  166. Pierre Curie, (1859-1906)
  167. Eduard Buchner, (1860-1917)
  168. Johann Goldschmidt, (1861-1923)
  169. John Ulric Nef, (1862-1915)
  170. Paul Walden, (1863-1957)
  171. Frederick Stanley Kipping, (1863-1949)
  172. Leo Hendrik Baekeland, (1863-1944)
  173. Charles Martin Hall, (1863-1914)
  174. Walther Hermann Nernst, (1864-1941)
  175. Richard Adolf Zsigmondy, (1865-1929)
  176. Sir Arthur Harden, (1865-1940)
  177. Moses Gomberg, (1866-1947)
  178. Alfred Werner, (1866-1919)
  179. Marie Sklodowska Curie, (1867-1934)
  180. Vladimir Nikolayevich Ipatieff, (1867-1952)
  181. Soren Peter Lauritz Sorensen, (1868-1939)
  182. Theodore William Richards, (1868-1928)
  183. Fritz Haber, (1868-1934)
  184. Georg Bredig, (1868-1944)
  185. Richard Wilhelm Heinrich Abegg, (1869-1910)
  186. Phoebus Aaron Theodor Levine, (1869-1940)
  187. Fritz Pregl, (1869-1930)
  188. Robert Robertson, (1869-1949)
  189. Bertram Borden Boltwood, (1870-1927)
  190. Georges Claude, (1870-1960)
  191. Sir William Jackson Pope, (1870-1939)
  192. Francois Auguste Victor Grignard, (1871-1935)
  193. Ernest Rutherford, (1871-1937)
  194. Max Bodenstein, (1871-1942)
  195. Morris William Travers, (1872-1961)
  196. Georges Urbain, (1872-1938)
  197. Mikhail Semonovich Tswett, (1872-1919)
  198. Richard Martin Willstatter, (1872-1942)
  199. Arthur Lapworth, (1872-1941)
  200. Hans Karl August Simon von Euler-Cheplin, (1873-1964)
  201. Nevil Vincent Sidgwick, (1873-1952)
  202. William Hobson Mills, (1873-1959)
  203. Andre Louis Debierne, (1874-1949)
  204. Karl Bosch, (1874-1940)
  205. Chaim Weismann, (1874-1952)
  206. Leonor Michaelis, (1875-1949)
  207. Gilbert Newton Lewis, (1875-1946)
  208. Otto Paul Herman Diels, (1876-1954)
  209. Alfred Stock, (1876-1946)
  210. Adolf Windaus, (1876-1959)
  211. Heinrich Otto Wieland, (1877-1957)
  212. Francis William Aston, (1877-1945)
  213. Frederick Soddy, (1877-1956)
  214. Julius Arthur Nieuwland, (1878-1936)
  215. Johannes Nicolaus Brönsted, (1879-1947)
  216. Otto Hahn, (1879-1868)
  217. Herbert Max Finlay Freundlich, (1880-1941)
  218. Irving Langmuir, (1881-1957)
  219. Hermann Staudinger, (1881-1965)
  220. Hans Fischer, (1881-1945)
  221. James William Mcbain, (1882-1953)
  222. Frank Lee Pyman, (1882-1944)
  223. Sir Walter Norman Haworth, (1883-1950)
  224. Casimir Funk, (1884-1967)
  225. Peter Josheph Willem Debye, (1884-1966)
  226. Otto Fritz Meyerhof, (1884-1951)
  227. Theodor Svedberg, (1884-1971)
  228. Friedrich Karl Rudolf Bergius, (1884-1949)
  229. George Charles de Havesy, (1885-1966)
  230. Joseph Kenyon, (1885-1961)
  231. Sir Robert Robinson, (1885-1975)
  232. Robert Runnels Williams, (1886-1965)
  233. Friedrich Adolf Paneth, (1887--1958)
  234. Leopold Stephan Ruzicka, (1887-1976)
  235. Kasimir Fajans, (1887-1975)
  236. James Butcheller Summer, (1887-1955)
  237. Dalziel Llewellyn Hammick, (1887-1966)
  238. Herman Otto Laurenz Fischer, (1888-1960)
  239. Victor Moritz Goldschmidt, (1888-1947)
  240. Paul Karrer, (1889-1971)
  241. Thomas Midgley, (1889-1944)
  242. Jaroslav Heyrovsky, (1890-1967)
  243. Michael Polanyi, (1891-1976)
  244. John Northrop, (1891-1987)
  245. Henry Gilman, (1893- )
  246. Harold Clayton Urey, (1893-1981)
  247. Albert von Nagyrapolt Szent-Györgyi, (1893- )
  248. Christopher Ingold, (1893-1970)
  249. William Francis Giaque, (1895-1982)
  250. Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, (1895-1973)
  251. Ida Eva Tacke Noddack, (1896- )
  252. Nikolay Nikolayevich Semenov, (1896-1986)
  253. Wallace Hume Carothers, (1896-1937)
  254. Robert Sanderson Mulliken, (1896-1986)
  255. Gerty Theresa Cori, (1896-1957)
  256. Carl Ferdinand Cori, (1896- )
  257. Erich Armand Arthur Joseph Hückel, (1896- )
  258. Odd Hassel, (1897-1981)
  259. Georg Wittig, (1897-1987)
  260. Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood, (1897-1967)
  261. Tadeusz Reichstein, (1897- )
  262. Irene Joliot-Curie, (1897-1956)
  263. Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, (1897-1978)
  264. Samuel Glasstone, (1897- )
  265. Karl Ziegler, (1898-1973)
  266. Rudolf Schoenheimer, (1898-1941)
  267. Paul Hermann Müller, (1899-1965)
  268. William Hume-Rothery, (1899-1968)
  269. Richard Kuhn, (1900-1967)
  270. Jean Fréderic Joliot, (1900-1958)
  271. Linus Carl Pauling, (1901-1994)
  272. Vincent Du Vigneaud, (1901-1978)
  273. Kurt Alder, (1902-1958)
  274. Arne Willhelm Kaurin Tiselius, (1902-1971)
  275. Frank Harold Spedding, (1902- )
  276. Giulio Natta, (1903-1979)
  277. Adolf Friedrich Butenandt, (1903- )
  278. Lars Onsager, (1903-1976)
  279. Harry Julius Emeléus, (1903- )
  280. Kathleen Lonsdale, (1903-1971)
  281. Wendell Stanley, (1904-1971)
  282. Gerhared Herzberg, (1904- )
  283. Charles John Pederson, (1904-1989)
  284. Severo Ochoa, (1905- )
  285. Lyman Creighton Craig, (1906- )
  286. Vladimir Prelog, (1906- )
  287. Karl August Folkers, (1906-1997)
  288. George Wald, (1906- )
  289. Luis Leloir, (1906-1987)
  290. Alexander Robertus, Lord Todd, (1907- )
  291. Edwin McMillan, (1907-1991)
  292. William Frank Libby, (1908-1980)
  293. Archer John Porter Martin, (1910- )
  294. Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgin, (1910-1994)
  295. Paul John Flory, (1910-1985)
  296. Charles Alfred Coulson, (1910-1974)
  297. Feodor Lynen, (1911- )
  298. Melvin Calvin, (1911- )
  299. William Stein, (1911-1980)
  300. Konrad Emil Bloch, (1912- )
  301. Glenn Seaborg, (1912- )
  302. Herbert Charles Brown, (1912- )
  303. John Wilfred Linnett, (1913-1975)
  304. Stanford Moore, (1913-1982)
  305. Max Ferdinand Perutz, (1914- )
  306. Richard Lawrence Millington Synge, (1914- )
  307. Henry Taube, (1915- )
  308. Francis Harry Compton Crick, (1916- )
  309. Christian Anfinsen, (1916- )
  310. Herbert Aaron Hauptman, (1917- )
  311. John Cowdery Kendrew, (1917- )
  312. Robert Burns Woodward, (1917-1979)
  313. Sir John Warcup Cornforth, (1917- )
  314. Ronald Sydney Nyholm, (1917-1971)
  315. Ilya Prigogine, (1917- )
  316. Frederick Sanger, (1918- )
  317. Derek Harold Richard Barton, (1918- )
  318. Ernst Otto Fisher, (1918- )
  319. Jerome Karle, (1918- )
  320. Kenichi Fukui, (1918- )
  321. Arthur Kornberg, (1918- )
  322. William Nunn Lipscomb, Jr., (1919- )
  323. Donald J. Cram, (1919- )
  324. Rosalind Elsie Franklin, (1920- )
  325. Peter Dennis Mitchell, (1920-1992)
  326. George Porter, (1920- )
  327. Geoffrey Wilkinson, (1921- )
  328. Robert Bruce Merrifield, (1921- )
  329. Har Gobind Khorana, (1922- )
  330. Robert William Holley, (1922- )
  331. Hugh Christopher Longuet-Higgins, (1923- )
  332. Rudolph A. Marcus, (1923- )
  333. Paul Berg, (1926- )
  334. Aaron Klug, (1926- )
  335. Manfred Eigen, (1927- )
  336. Marshall Warren Nirnberg, (1927- )
  337. Hans Leo Kornberg, (1928- )
  338. Elias James Corey, (1928- )
  339. John Charles Polanyi, (1929- )
  340. Stanley Lloyd Miller, (1930- )
  341. Neil Bartlett, (1930- )
  342. Walter Gilbert, (1932- )
  343. Dudley Robert Herschbach, (1932- )
  344. Richard R. Ernst, (1933- )
  345. Robert F. Curl, Jr., (1933- )
  346. Yuan Tseh Lee, (1936- )
  347. Roald Hoffmann, (1937- )
  348. Robert Huber, (1937- )
  349. Jean-Marie Lehn, (1939- )
  350. Sir Harold W. Kroto (1939- )
  351. Sidney Altman, (1939- )
  352. Johann Deisenhofer, (1943- )
  353. Richard E. Smalley (1943- )
  354. Thomas R. Cech, (1947- )
  355. Hartmut Michel, (1948- )

The basic list was compiled from the following books:

 


Created by Zoran Zdravkovski and Kiro Stojanoski

September 28, 1996, last updated May 3, 2000.

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