Born: probably 1270
Unknown author of several books, probably Spaniard. He assumed the name Geber, a Latinized form of the famous 8-th century Arabian alchemist, Abu Musa Jabir Ibn Hayyan, to give added authority to his work. However, his writings reflect the 14th-century European alchemical practices rather than Arab ones.
He is attributed among other things to have discovered nitric and sulfuric acids. The latter is probably the most important chemical achievment of that period. It enabled alchemists to carry on all kinds of reactions that were not possible with vinger, the strongest known acid to the ancients. Sulfuric acid is the most widely used inorganic chemical today.
The following works have been attributed to him:
The style of these writings is typical of the alchemical period: obscure and mystical. Only the appearance of the writings of the Italian chemist Vannoccio Biringuccio, the German mineralogist Georgius Agricola, and the German alchemist Lazarus Ercker began changing this.
Created by Zoran Zdravkovski and Kiro Stojanoski
March 9, 1997, last updated March 9, 1997.
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